Tarifvertrag bau lohngruppe 1

Finally, it should be noted that the main construction sector differs from other sectors due to special conditions of production. This is reflected by specific collectively agreed conditions and a construction specific labor market policy. Transferring the results to other sectors or using them in the context of an introduction of a generally binding minimum wage thus seems inadvisable. Interactions between legal minimum wages and collective bargained wages have come into the focus of comparative research only recently. Due to the segmentation of the collective bargaining system we will show that the introduction of the legal minimum wage created different types of interaction in Germany. Especially in sectors with a low wage level the minimum wage becomes dominant. If collective bargaining coverage and negotiated wages are high, the legal minimum wage doesn’t matter. But there are also sectors where the legal minimum wage has become a point of reference for the increase of collective bargained wages, in order to fix the lowest wage groups (slightly) above the minimum wage level. As the aggregate of collectively negotiated wages directly influences the future increase of the minimum wage in Germany, an explicit interaction is generated here. Frings, H.: The employment effect of industry-specific, collectively-bargained minimum wages. Ruhr Economic Papers 348, RWI (2012) The causal analyses point to positive wage growth effects of the minimum wage introduction in East as well as in West Germany. They are visible at the individual and the establishment level. The results from the qualitative analysis confirm the finding from the quantitative analysis that the minimum wage plays a much more important role in East Germany than in West Germany.

In particular, statements from the expert talks emphasize that the minimum wage serves as orientation point for the social partners in East Germany. In West Germany, the influence of the minimum wage on the collective bargaining system is relatively low. . . Oberfichtner, M., C. Schnabel (2017): The German Model of Industrial Relations: (Where) Does It Still Exist?. Institute of Labor Economics Discussion Paper, Nr. 11064. Bonn: IZA . Die Befristung von Arbeitsverträgen stellt eine weitere Möglichkeit dar, Lohnkostensteigerungen durch die Mindestlohneinführung zu kompensieren. Mit Regelungen wie dem Schlechtwettergeld (bis 1995) oder dem Saison-Kurzarbeitergeld (seit Winter 2006/2007) existieren im Bauhauptgewerbe jedoch auch andere Instrumente zur Flexibilisierung von Beschäftigung.

Entsprechend wenig Bedeutung kommt den befristeten Beschäftigungsverhältnissen zu. Mit fünf Prozent liegt der Anteil befristet Beschäftigter in der BeschäftigtenbefragungFootnote 24 sogar unter dem bundesweiten Durchschnitt von 8,9 Prozent (Destatis 2011). Die Kausalanalyse auf Betriebsebene zeigt zudem, dass sich die Bedeutung befristeter Beschäftigungsverhältnisse durch die Mindestlohneinführung nicht verändert hat. Um spezifische Hintergrundinformationen aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven über die Besonderheiten der Baubranche, v.a. in Bezug auf die Mindestlohnregelungen und Bewertungen der Akteure, zu erhalten, wurden neben den quantitativen Analysen Expertengespräche mit den Hauptakteuren im Bauhauptgewerbe geführt.